A visa refers to an enter clearance, which is granted for a short or temporary visit to a country (no more than 90 days within six months). A visa entitles to enter the Schengen area provided that other preconditions for the entry are met. Nationals of Thailand, Cambodia, Laos and Myanmar need a visa in the Schengen area. The visa holder has to leave Finland and the territory of the Schengen Member Sates before the expiry of the visa.
Holders of Thai diplomatic and service passports are exempted from visa. As the exemption for diplomatic and service passports varies from each member states the holders of any of these passports are recommended to check each Schengen member if the exemption is valid, especially when the holders are travelling to more than one Schengen member states during one trip.
Schengen countries are: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland.
An applicant has not subjective right to a visa. Decision on the visa application shall be decided on an application and its supporting documents as well as on an interview. Based on these the embassy will either issue a visa or refuse a visa. Decision is always made by a Finnish officer authorized by the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland. Every application is an individual application. Therefore applications can not be compared with each other as they are different and individual. The applicant is exclusively considered as sole party in a visa process. An applicant may give power of attorney e.g. to her/his host or any other person who will present the applicant in her/his visa issue. This person will be given same information of the decision as to the applicant herself/himself.
A decision on refusal and the reasons on which it is based shall be notified to the applicant by means of the standard form. The form includes all different grounds for a refused visa. According to the visa code § 32 a visa will be refused if the conditions to issue a visa are not fulfilled.
If a visa is refused an applicant may file a request of rectification to the embassy. See end of this page for detailed instructions for rectification. Decision to the rectification is always made by another officer than who has made the original decision.
According to the Finnish legislation the embassies or the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland do not need to give more detailed information on the grounds for a refusal. According to the Alien Act § 17 the visa decision is applied by Regulations (EC) No 810/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council (Visa Code) instead of the administrative law.
While performing their tasks, consular staff shall not discriminate against persons on grounds of sex, racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability age or sexual orientation.
According to the Alien Act § 50 a family member of a Finnish citizen can be granted a residence permit in Finland or abroad. This is totally a national regulation. The first residence permit will be submitted at the Embassy before entering Finland. If a family member of a Finnish citizen has a nationality which requests a visa to Finland and Schengen area, he/she may enter Finland with a visa if all conditions according to the visa code will be fulfilled. The application will be decided by the embassy. A family member of a Finnish citizen does not have a subjective right to a visa. If a visa is refused according to the § 32 the family member may apply for a residence permit abroad according to the Alien Act § 50.
Long term stay in Finland requires residence permit. If applicant wishes to stay in Finland more than 90 days he/she must apply for the first residence permit in his/her country of origin. According to the Alien Act, a Finnish citizen’s family member who is required a visa to Finland, may apply for a visa and then a residence permit in Finland if all requirements by the Visa Code is fulfilled. In these cases a visa can be granted for maximum 90 days. The Embassy will decide according to the Codex.
Application forms together with the required appendices shall be submitted in person (not via e-mail, by mail or telefax) to the Embassy during the office hours. Applications can be submitted three months prior to planned trip.
Applicants can inquire about their visas during phone service hours from Monday to Friday at 13.00-14.00. Inquires can also be sent via e-mail to address email@example.com.
Information on application and decision is given only to the applicant. However, applicant may authorize a person, often invitor, to receive the same information as the applicant by a letter of attorney. Letter of attorney may be given to the embassy when leaving the application. It must contain names of the authorized person and the applicant. Letter of attorney must be signed by the applicant.
An applicant is required to submit a return flight reservation when applying for a visa. Any flight tickets are not recommended to be purchased until your visa has been granted. Processing time of a visa application is usually longer than validity of a flight reservation. Therefore the reservation does not have to be valid for the whole processing time.
Visa will be granted according to the information filled in your visa application. Your travel insurance must be valid for the whole period you will stay in the Schengen area. Normally seven days will be added in the validity of a visa sticker both in the beginning and end of the travel dates to give more flexibility to applicants to purchase actual flight tickets after the visa has been granted.
An applicant must always check the visa validity and the issued number of days she/he is permitted to stay in Finland and in Schengen area. Paid flight tickets must be presented in the embassy when collecting your passport.
The visa processing feeis 60 euros and it is charged when the application is submitted. The fee shall be paid in Thai baht at the valid rate of exchange. The applicant pays the fee at the bank with the bank transfer form given from the Embassy. The processing fee is non-refundable.
See the list of Service fees
The fee is not charged if the visa applicant belongs to one of the following categories:
children under six years
school pupils, students, post graduate students and accompanying teachers who undertake trips for the purpose of study or educational training
researchers travelling for the purpose of carrying out scientific research
EU/EEA - citizen's family members receive visa free of charge and they are not under an obligation to present a travel insurance.
Germany represents Finland in visa issues in Cambodia (website of the German Embassy in Phnom Penh), in Lao PDR (website of the German Embassy in Vientiane) and also in Myanmar (website of the German Embassy in Yangon).
The enclosures (e.g. invitation letter) should be translated into English or German. In Thailand Finland represents for Estonia and Hungary for Latvia. Lithuania is represented by Germany.
visit to the Embassy in person
passport (which is valid at least three months following the end of the visit) and a copy of it
a Schengen visa application form carefully completed, dated and signed by the applicant. Visa application form (PDF). The form can be completed electronically and printed out.
flight reservation (not a paid ticket), paid tickets are needed when the visa is granted
travel insurance, which must be valid for the whole duration of the travel. The minimum amount of the insurance indemnity is 30 000 euros. List of accepted travel insurance companies (pdf)
foreign nationals staying in Thailand must be in possession of a valid residence or work permit for Thailand. Processing time can be longer than below mentioned.
under 20-years old needs a permission to travel from his/her parents or guardian
underage child's birth certificate and proof of custody translated in English and legalized at the Thai Foreign Ministry in Bangkok and then at the Embassy of Finland (see section Services for more information)
An applicant needs to prove that he/she possesses sufficient means of subsistence when bearing the costs him/herself, e.g. by a bank statement. You need to have minimum of 30 euro per travelling day. If the person inviting you will bear all the costs of your travel and if he/she is citizen of an EU/EFA country does not need to prove it either the applicant. If a person inviting you bears all the costs this information needs to be given in the invitation letter and also information what costs this will include. In all cases we warmly recommend that you have some money on you when travelling for unexpected situations. Also the immigration of the EU countries have the right to ask for prove of funds at the border.
If an applicant is working or studying, a written certificate from your employer or academy/school is to be submitted. The number of holidays granted to you by your employer has to be written on this certificate.
A. Private visit - processing time is 15 days, during high season April-July and in invididual cases decision period may be extended up to 30 days
an original invitation letter and a copy of it. The free-form invitation letter (no preprinted form available) states the required details concerning the host and visitor (names, dates of birth, addresses, phone numbers), the purpose and duration of the visit, confimation of accommodation including the address, account of the relationship between the host and the visitor. The invitation letter must be signed and dated.
a marriage certificate if the applicant and the invitor are married
a certificate of family relationship between the host and the applicant (such as a birth certificate), if a family visit
a copy of the host's passport or other identity document
other supporting documents if applicable i.e. proof of work, studies or evidence of sufficient funds
B. Tourist visit - processing time is 15 days, during high season April-July and in invididual cases decision period may be extended up to 30 days
flight and hotel reservation
proof of employment , studies or holiday
evidence of sufficient funds, such as a copy of a recent bank statement
C. Business trip/conference - processing time is 3-4 days, during high season April-July and in invididual cases decision period may be extended up to 10 days
an original free-form invitation letter from a business partner or an organization and a copy of it. The invitation letter states the contact information (name of the contact person, phone number and address), purpose and date of travel. In case the business partner or organization needs to invite the application more than one time, this information has to be given in the invitation letter. The number of entries are: one, two or multiple.
confirmation by the sending company/organisation about the travel and its purpose
the Embassy may ask for additional enclosures, as appropriate, such as an extract from the Register of Companies, evidence of sufficient funds.
D. Familymembers of EU/ETA citizens - processing time 3-4 days, during high season April-July and in invididual cases decision period may be extended up to 10 days
certification of the family connection, marriage certificate, bith certificate or copy of house registration
recommendation to submit an free-form invitation letter
visa is free of charge and travel insurance is not required
Even if a visa has been granted, the preconditions for entry in the country are assessed at the external border. Persons who need a visa must produce a valid travel document, a visa, a travel insurance and, as required, other documents related to the travel. e.g. invitation letter. Furthermore, persons who need a visa must be in possession of sufficient funds in relation to the duration and purpose of the visit and the costs of living in the destination as well as money for onward or return travel.
In case the grounds for issuing visa are not fulfilled visa will not be granted. Applicant shall receive a written note of the decision. Applicant may file a request of rectification to the embassy. In the case of failure to comply with these instructions the rectification request may be dismissed. More information: Instructions for the rectification request
Reason for negative decision may be:
applicant does not have a valid travelling document
applicant fails to present documents to confirm his/her reason for the trip
applicant does not have the means to support him/herself during the trip
applicant's attentions of leaving the Schengen area before the visa expires are not certain
applicant may be prohibited to enter Finland or another Schengen member state. He /she may be regarded as a risk to some member state's public order, national security or international relations.